April 22, 2012

The ABC of ST Elevation (Differential Diagnosis)

Just to share my mnemonic for the causes of ST elevation. Moral of the story is that, not all ST elevation equals to acute myocardial infarction.

The Mnemonic is "ABCD HELP

A- Acute myocardial infarction

B- Brugada Syndrome
   - Benign Early Reploarization

C - Carditis

D - Disease of the CNS system

H - Hypothermia

E- Electrolyte (Hyperkalaemia)

L- Left ventricular hypertrophy
   - Left bundle branch block
   -Left ventricular aneurysm

P - Prinzmetal angina
   - Post Electrical cardioversion


  1. Thank you, please keep on sharing =)

  2. Salam keep up the good work...May Allah bless

    med student


Ya Allah! Permudahkanlah aku untuk menuntut ilmuMu, memahaminya, mengingati dan menyebarkannya. Berkatilah ilmu itu dan tambahkanlah ia. Amin.