September 25, 2010

Pap Smear Technique

Disclaimer : All the explainations and pictures were taken from lecture note power point presentation on “Demo on Pap Smear for Year 4 Family Medicine Posting” by Dr Rosediani Muhamad, Department of Family Medicine, Universiti Sains Malaysia. It is not a work done by the blog author. Thank you

Part one: Step in preparing Pap Smear Slides

1. Use frosted end slide
2. Use pencil 2B to label client’s name and registration number and mark as “N” on the frosted end slide
3. Mark second portion as “C” for ectocervical sample and “E” for endocervical sample (use diamond pen to label on glass slide)
4. Fill up the cytology form

Part two: How to perform Pap Smear

1. Wash your hands and wear gloves
2. Examine the client in a dorsal position
3. Do not use lubricant
4. Wash speculum using sterile water or normal saline

5. Introduce a bivalve speculum into the vagina carefully

6. Expose the cervix clearly– avoid damage to cervix and inspect the area for any abnormalities

7. If the is discharge, swab the discharge using cotton wool

Part three: Taking Pap Smear from Ectocervix

1. Take The specimen from cervix using long end of Ayre’s spatula
2. Turn it carefully (360˚ -1 complete circle) around the cervix
3. Place Specimen on the area “C” on the slide

Part four: Taking Pap Smear from Endocervix

1. Take second specimen from endocervix using cytobrush
2. Insert it into the os until you cannot see the brush
3. Turn it carefully around the cervical canal as before (360˚)
4. Place the endocervical specimen on the area “E” similar as describe before

Part five: Procedure after doing Pap Smear

1. Dip the slide immediately into Coplin jar contains a fixating agent -95% ethyl alcohol for 30 minutes, or
2. spray the slide using alcohol spray fixative. Ensure that the whole specimen is sprayed with the fixative

Part six: Procedures when sending Pap Smear Slides

1. Ensure that the slide is labeled properly and correctly
2. Place the slide/slides inside the slide mailer
3. Send to the lab immediately or within a period of a week depends on your lab’s regulation.

Extra note: Reasons for unsatisfactory smears

1. Lubricant e.g. hibitane ,is used before the smears are taken
2. Dirty slide
3. Delay in dipping the slide in the fixating agent
4. Amount of specimen is inadequate
5. Bloody smear


  1. thanks for the info.
    tp kan dummy yg ada kt skill lab kitorang tak sama pun cam dummy awak.
    btw, thanks again.

  2. to meera
    - hehe, this is from our lecturer's to her. dummy kitorang mmg macam ni.. just bhgn pelvic jer.. tp memang sturktur dalaman dia lebey kurang dgn normal person la..

    pap smear bleh keluar dalam final exam kami and juga end posting community medicine.. so penting la step2 dia..

  3. thanks for the notes. really helpful.

  4. Why you use phantoms, you can easy recover dead body from new islamic state did you?

    Visit: Pap Smear Cost 2015

  6. Really informative.Helped a lot.
    You may visit also for medical notes and PG preparation tips.


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