May 14, 2009

Artrioventricular block [ECG]

1) Happen when

a) Atrial depolarization fail to reach the ventricles

b) Atrial depolarization is conducted with a delay

2) Type

a) First degree heart block (AV node level)

- Prolongation of the PR interval on the electrocardiogram (ECG) (>0.20 s in adults and >0.16 s in young children

- All atrial impulses reach the ventricles in first-degree AV block

- Conduction is delayed within the AV node

** can be found in healthy adults, and its incidence increases with age.

b) Second degree heart block

I) Mobitz I second-degree AV block (Wenckebach block)( AV node level)

- Progressive prolongation of the PR interval

- Subsequent occurrence of a single nonconducted P wave that results in a pause

- The pause is shorter than the sum of any 2 consecutive conducted beats (R-R interval)

- An episode of Mobitz I AV block usually consists of 3-5 beats

- Ratio of nonconducted to conducted beats of 4:3, 3:2

- Block is generally in the AV node but can occasionally occur in the His-Purkinje system and is termed infrahisian Wenckebach

**is observed in 1-2% of healthy young people, especially during sleep

II) Mobitz II second-degree AV block (His bundle or lower)

- Constant PR interval followed by sudden failure of a P wave to be conducted to the ventricles,

- Either an occasional dropped P wave or a regular conduction pattern of 2:1 (2 conducted and 1 blocked), 3:1 (3 conducted and 1 blocked)

** rare in healthy individuals

c) Third degree Heart block (V node or the His-Purkinje system)

- No supraventricular impulses are conducted to the ventricles

- P waves on the rhythm strip reflect a sinus node rhythm independent from QRS electrocardiographic wave complexes

- QRS complexes represent an escape rhythm, either junctional or ventricular

- Escape rhythm originating from the junctional or high septal region is characterized by narrow QRS complexes at a rate of 40-50 beats per minute,

- Escape rhythm from low ventricular sites is characterized by broad QRS complexes at a rate of 30-40 beats per minute

- Frequency of P waves (atrial rate) is higher than the frequency of QRS complexes (ventricular rate)


  1. thank...nice info and picture

  2. Thank you! This is very, very helpful. I appreciate the time it took you to create this very helpful posting. Good luck with your dream. I hope it comes true soon!

  3. Thank you for this helpful post. The images are very useful and concise. I wish you luck with your dream!


Ya Allah! Permudahkanlah aku untuk menuntut ilmuMu, memahaminya, mengingati dan menyebarkannya. Berkatilah ilmu itu dan tambahkanlah ia. Amin.